CRG163 is a Bristol RELH6G.  What does this mean?

CRG163 is a rear engined vehicle with a Bristol Commercial Vehicle chassis to the long, coach high configuration.

Simply RELH6G means a Bristol RE to the Long, High chassis configuration with a 6 cylinder Gardner engine - Bristol RELH6G.




Bristol Commercial Vehicles

The Bristol RE was a rear engined single deck bus or coach built by Bristol Commercial Vehicle between 1962 and 1982.

The Bristol RE is considered to be one of the most successful rear engined vehicles and has a huge following to today, and includes many examples preserved such as CRG163.

Bristol was wholly owned by the nationalised Transport Holding Company (THC) with the Bristol RE only supplied initially to subsidiaries of the the THC. Leyland purchased 25% of Bristol in 1965 which led to the Bristol product being made available to non state owned bus and coach operators. Municipal bus operators including the British Electric Traction Group (BET) were also customers.

Sales to the National Bus Company (NBC) however began to dry up from 1972 as the Leyland National product was also available. The NBC had taken over the operations of the THC and BET.

Unfortunately the Bristol RE was only available for export to Christchurch, New Zeland as well as Ulsterbus and Citybus in Ireland from 1976.



Sale statistics

The sale statistics for the Bristol RE was as follows:

  • 4,629 Bristol RE’s were built
  • 3,242 of which were sold to NBC Subsidiaries
  • Bristol Omnibus Company was the biggest single customer at 439 orders
  • Crosville Motor Services at 288
  • Ulsterbus & Citybus in Ireland combined at 620
  • United Automobile Services at 470
  • West Yorkeshire Road Car Company at 259
  • 148 were sold to members of the Scottish Bus Group
  • 405 to British municipalities and PTE’s
  • 834 to other operators

The most common fitted body to any Bristol RE was Eastern Coach Works (ECW) of Lowestoft. Other manufacturers also built on the chassis such as Alexander; Duple; Plaxton.

Interestingly the Bristol RE was available in five variants from vehicle length to height (bus/coach).

ECW’s logo as shown on vehicles

Chassis variants

The variants available were as follows:

  • RELL - long vehicle length at 36 foot, low frame bus body fitted
  • RESL - short vehicle length, low frame bus body fitted
  • RELH - long vehicle length at 36 foot, high frame (coach or dual purpose body normally fitted). CRG163 would be the coach variant.
  • RESH - short vehicle length, high frame (coach or dual purpose body normally fitted)
  • REMH - long vehicle length at 12m, high frame coach body fitted



Engines

The Bristol RE would normally be fitted by a Gardner 6 cylinder engine or a six cylinder Leyland diesel engine, either a 0.600 or 0.680. As such the variant codes above would be suffixed by a code indicating the engine fitted such as RELH6G in the case of CRG163. The codes would be:

6G would refer to the Gardner 6 cylinder engine, for example the 6HLX in the case of CRG163. The engine would be a Gardner 6LX vertical engine, however in the Bristol RE the engine would be fitted horizontally denoted with a ‘H’ in 6HLX.

6L would refer to the Leyland 6 cylinder engine, normally the 0.600 or 0.680.

The Gardner 6LX vertical engine, referred to as 6HLX in CRG163 for its horizontal position


The following images are from the Gardner service manual and provides images of the 6LX as it would appear in its horizontal (HLX) form in CRG163.









Pre production model

The first pre production model/prototype of the Bristol RE was given the number REX.003 built in July 1963. This would be a coach body built by ECW and used as a test bed by Bristol Commercial Vehicle (BCV) until February 1967 when brought up to service standard, fitted with a Gardner engine.


West Yorkshire 1014.  Photographer unknown - but reproduced here through kind permission of Neil Halliday from his own collection.
This laterally became West Yorkshire CRG1 and then 1014, registration OWT241E, entering service from Harrogate depot on 01/03/66, withdrawn on 30/09/78.


Most popular models

The most popular models sold were as follows:

  • RELL - 2,839
  • RELH - 976 with CRG163 being one of them
  • RESL - 698
  • REMH - 105
  • RESH - 11

The REML, a sixth model variant was advertised in 1968 but none were built. This would have been a 20 foot wheelbase of the REMH but with a low frame for a bus body.







Contact details

If you have any photos or related information about CRG163 or any information on the parts presently required then please e-mail me, Richard Jones at post@crg163.com .  Many thanks in advance.